In 1749, Governor Galissonniere of Quebec writes there were 20 families at Ste Anne and "these people have become half savage from neglect"

Also in 1749 Lieutenant Boishebert organised a militia on the Saint John river among the Acadians and Joseph Bellefontaine and his son Michel of the village of Ste Anne were put in command.

In July 1783, Major Studholme of Fort Howe, sent a commission to verify the conditions of the Acadian settlers on the Saint John River. It reported to Studholme that it found it to be the most flourishing settlement of the Acadians and it counted 357 people there. Their report also mentionned names of those who had rendered signal service to the Crown during the Revolutionary War and one of those names was Jean Baptiste Gaudin

A quote from the "Parker's New York Gazette or Weekly Post-Boy" of April 2 /1759
----Extracts from a letter from Fort Frederick, St John's----
"The fifth of March, Lieutenant Hazen of the Rangers came in from a scout of fifteen days, with a party of sixteen Rangers, up the river St John's he brought in with him six French scalps and six prisoners. Lieutenant Hazen reports that he had been up to St Anne's which is 140 miles up this river from Fort Frederick, where it was expected he would have found a strong garrison of the enemy, but on his arrival he found the town evacuated which he set on fire. burnt a large Mass house with a bell of about 300 lbs., a large store-house and many valuable buildings amounting in the whole to 147, together with a large quantity of hay, wheat, peas, oats, etc.. killing 21 horses, about 56 heads of cattle, a large number of hogs etc... and that he took the prisoners and scalps with eleven of his party on his return near Grimross, and that the inhabitants of St Anne's are chiefly gone to Canada, the remainder scattered in the woods."

The six people scalped and killed (1759) were were Nastasie (Anastasie) daughter of Joseph Bellefontaine and wife of Eustache Pare, her three children and the wife and child of Michel Bellefontaine son of Joseph senior. Joseph Bellefontaine Jr. was one of the captives. Joseph Sr. went to France later with relatives. When he got there he petitionned for a pension (of 3000 livres)
This is how his petition read: "The Sieur Joseph Bellefontaine (or Beausejour) of the river St. John by order of M. de la Galissoniere April 10th 1729 and always exercised his function during the war until he was captured by the enemy. He possessed several leagues of land in that quarter and while he lived there experienced the grief of beholding one of his daughters and three of his children massacred before his eyes by the English, who wished by this piece of cruelty to induce him to take their part in order to escape similar treatment. He only escaped such a fate by his flight into the woods, carrying along with him two other children of the same daughter"
Joseph was alloted his pension of 3000 livres

This page was designed by Irene Doyle, January 1998